Download A Humanist Science: Values and Ideals in Social Inquiry by Philip Selznick PDF

By Philip Selznick

Delivering a capstone to Philip Selznick's influential physique of scholarly paintings, A Humanist Science insightfully brings to mild the value-centered nature of the social sciences. The paintings essentially demanding situations the intended separation of truth and price, and argues that human values belong to the area of truth and are the resource of the beliefs that govern social and political associations. by means of demonstrating the shut connection among the social sciences and the arts, Selznick finds how the equipment of the social sciences spotlight and improve the learn of such values as health, prosperity, rationality, and self-government.

The ebook strikes from the animating ideas that make up the humanist culture to the values which are significant to the social sciences, studying the middle teachings of those disciplines with appreciate to the ethical matters at stake. through the paintings, Selznick calls recognition to the stipulations that impact the emergence, attention, and decline of human values, delivering a necessary source for students and scholars of legislations, sociology, political technological know-how, and philosophy.

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It was, indeed, a foundation of his epistemology, whose central teaching is the creative, object-forming work of the human mind. In Kant’s ethics, moreover, a subjective condition—goodwill—is the supreme virtue of man and the best guarantor of right conduct. A turn toward inwardness is easy to find in the writings of Hegel, Marx, Dilthey, Weber, Dewey, and James. In Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit transformations of consciousness are chief themes. Karl Marx took a similar path in his preoccupation with class-consciousness and in his writings on alienation.

The study of effects or outcomes can also enhance a deontological ethic, insofar as it calls for following precepts as to what is right to say or do in the context at hand. Deontology is founded on commitment to a system or practice. We follow a deontological ethic when, for example, we uphold the moral equality of all persons. The warrant for the rule is a set of factual findings regarding harms or benefits. Thus understood, consequentialism and deontology are complementary ideas. Each considers outcomes, one for an order or agent, the other for external and desired conditions.

Divinity was found in an orderly nature; and humans were ennobled by uncovering the secrets of the cosmos. The Postulate of Humanity 19 Kant’s Road Map In the late eighteenth century everything was made plain—or so it seemed for a time—by the philosophy of Immanuel Kant (1724–1804). Kant’s ideas greatly influenced nineteenth-century thinking about ethics and science, especially in establishing a great divide between the sciences of physics, astronomy, and mathematics and the “human” or “moral” sciences of history, politics, and economics.

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