By Dr. Gerard J. Steen, Aletta G. Dorst, J. Berenike Herrmann, Anna A. Kaal, Tina Krennmayr, Trijntje Pasma
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Additional info for A Method for Linguistic Metaphor Identification: From MIP to MIPVU (Converging Evidence in Language and Communication Research)
This, in effect, produces a three-category variable: clear metaphor-related words, metaphor-related words that are WIDLII, and words that are clearly not related to metaphor. In our procedure, WIDLII is the logical result of lack of decision after group discussion of those data that were first analyzed independently by individual analysts and then made available for comments by the other analysts and judged to be problematic. If these cases could not be resolved by subsequent group discussion, they were coded as borderline with the ‘WIDLII’ code, as will be illustrated in the next chapters.
This links up with the tenuous connection between linguistic and conceptual metaphor identification discussed in Chapter 1. As for the relation with MIP (Pragglejaz Group 2007), points 1 and 2 are essentially the same as MIP. Points 3 and 4 deal with two additions to MIP in the area of other forms of metaphor. Point 5 is a different kind of addition to MIP and includes the identification of signals of metaphor. And point 6 takes one assumption of MIP to its linguistic conclusion by including instructions for handling new lexical units.
Checking the OED may explain the strange relation between the current abstract and concrete senses and support the decision not to take the concrete sense as basic for the abstract sense, but instead to take both senses as equally basic because there is no transparent relation of similarity for the contemporary language user. We have seen this for a word like order (‘arrangement’ and ‘bringing about of order by speech act’). 3. When two senses appear to be metonymically related, this does not mean that you should not also consider the possibility that they are metaphorically related at the same time.