Download A Web of Prevention: Biological Weapons, Life Sciences and by Brian Rapper, Caitriona McLeish PDF

By Brian Rapper, Caitriona McLeish

Considering the fact that September eleven, governments and the general public at huge in lots of nations have raised severe matters approximately clinical learn within the lifestyles sciences that will inadvertently facilitate the improvement of organic or chemical guns. This state of the art quantity examines the total volume of the problems and debates.Coverage comprises an outline of contemporary medical achievements in virology, microbiology, immunology and genetic engineering so that it will asking how they may facilitate the construction of guns of mass destruction by means of kingdom, sub-state or terrorist corporations. recognition is given to what we have now and haven’t discovered from the earlier. utilising either educational research and reflections through practitioners, the e-book examines the security-inspired governance regimes for the existence sciences which are below improvement. finally the authors learn what's required to shape a complete and achievable “web of prevention” and spotlight the significance of encouraging discussions among teachers and coverage makers in regards to the governance of important yet very likely harmful study.

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Additional resources for A Web of Prevention: Biological Weapons, Life Sciences and the Future Governance of Research

Example text

We, Somerville and Atlas (2005), proposed a Code of Ethics for the Life Sciences as a way of engaging the scientific community and the broader public in a discussion of the actions needed for responsible conduct that could help to protect against the potential catastrophic impacts of biological weapons. Given the potential harm that could be done to humanity by biological weapons, we considered such responsible conduct by the scientific community essential and therefore proposed that the life sciences community have a mandatory obligation to follow the proposed code.

As pointed out by Guillemin (2006): When considering the potential threat of biological weapons in the hands of rogue states or terrorist groups, security experts tend to assume that scientists will always lend a hand to prevent such nefarious use of their research. Yet every programme to develop biological weapons – including those by the US, Canada, the UK, Japan and France (prior to the signing of the BWC in 1972), the former Soviet Union (even after their becoming a signatory to the BWC), Iraq (prior to the first Gulf War) and others – included scientists who were willing to engage in such activities.

Because codes of conduct and ethical principles that are broadly accepted by one’s peers are often used by courts to establish legal standards, violations of this code could also result in legal penalties, as well as censures for breaches of ethics. Individuals with ethical or moral objections to participation in certain research need protection and support. A code of conduct based upon strong ethical principles will facilitate transmitting the values that must govern scientific research to trainees and students, and will provide them with guidance for themselves and benchmarks against which to assess the conduct of their teachers and mentors.

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