Download Advances in Cryptology — CRYPTO’ 88: Proceedings by Claude Crépeau, Joe Kilian (auth.), Shafi Goldwasser (eds.) PDF

By Claude Crépeau, Joe Kilian (auth.), Shafi Goldwasser (eds.)

The papers during this quantity have been provided on the CRYPTO '88 convention on conception and functions of cryptography, held in Santa Barbara, California, August 21-25, 1988. The papers have been selected for his or her perceived originality and sometimes signify initial studies on carrying on with reserach. the most sections take care of the subsequent themes: Zero-Knowledge, quantity conception, Pseudorandomness, Signatures, Complexity, Protocols, safety, Cryptoanalysis. As such, they'll supply the devoted reader a distinct perception into the very most up-to-date advancements within the box.

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D. Thesis presented at Yale University (Sep. 1987). [Blak79] Blakley, G. ’’ Proc. AFIPS 1979 NationaZ Computer Conference, New York, NY (June 1979), 313-317. [Feld87] Feldman, P. 28th IEEE Symp. on Foundations of Computer Science, Los Angeles, CA (Oct. 1987), 427-437. , and Nishizeki, T. Glob. Corn, (1987). [Koth84] Kothari, S. ” Proc. Crypto ’84, Santa Barbara, CA (Aug. 1984), 231-241. Published as Advances in CTyptOlOgy, ed. by G . Blakley and D. Chaum in Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol.

However, in real Iife, a protocol taking a large degree polynomial time to break may be almost as good as one secure against any polynomial time adversary. Merkle[Meri'S] has suggested a protocol, based on any one-way function, the breaking of which would require an eavesdropper to take time quadratic in the time taken by the participants. so our eavesdropper is actually taking time O(n6log n). This leaves open Merkle's question of whether his scheme is optimal. Another general question brought up by this research is whether similar statements can be proved for other cryptographic applications.

Also, since the share a alone is insufficient to give any information about the secret value s and since the number of possible values of 5 is equal to m (the number of possible d u e s of the share held by B ) , every possible secret value s, is determined by a togecher with exactly one value b;. Thus, for each a, we can construct a set of m pairs (s;, b;) which are consistent with a and such that each possible value of the secret and each possible value of B’s share appear in ezactly one such pair.

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