By Samantha Holland
Think a global the place oppressive, over-feminized media photographs of girls have re-armed themselves with military boots, physique changes, and flamboyant hair. is that this simply one other fairy story, and if this is the case, why can't or not it's a truth? Holland unpacks the parable of version womanhood and considers how a gaggle of actual ladies outline and perform "femininity." How does getting older have an effect on notions of femininity? What do ladies take into consideration style, gender, and visual appeal as they get older and no more seen in our media ruled society? Do they decide to tone down or remain "out there," and what motivates their selection? substitute Femininities offers voice to a formerly silent workforce of ladies who fight to withstand sexist gender stereotypes, but age with sort, individuality and creativity. by way of how actual girls negotiate self-perception in an more and more image-conscious society, Holland offers a corrective to different bills of gender and femininity missing in genuine data.
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Additional resources for Alternative Femininities: Body, Age and Identity (Dress, Body, Culture)
For example, ‘some feminist researchers have also argued that the concept of cultural resistance is too narrow and gender specific, since young women might adopt less “visible” forms of resistance or negotiation such as silence or giggling’ (Griffin, 1993: 210). However, for this research, resistance serves as an adequate term not least because many of my participants identified themselves as resisting some aspects of traditional femininity. As Griffin also argues: ‘In the radical perspective, discourses of resistance and survival challenged … negative definition[s] of youthful deviance and … reinforced the notion that subcultures call into question the adequacy of the dominant cultural ideology’ (1993: 125).
Conformist ... [of the] family ... [is] classed’, whereas subcultures see themselves as ‘alternative ... cool ... independent ... [of] youth ... classless’ (1995: 115) (again, equating subcultures with youth). This feminisation of the mainstream accounts, in many ways, for its denigration – and for the marginalisation of women themselves within subcultures. There has been little theoretical analysis of the use of the word ‘townie’, which illustrates Thornton’s argument. This is a slang term for the groups of people who are diametrically opposite to those in subcultures.
Schulze, writing about body-building, states that ‘some pose the question in terms of “how far” a female … can go and still remain a “woman”. The most pervasive tendency, however, seems to be a recuperative strategy, an attempt to pull her back from a position outside dominant limits into a more acceptable space’ (1990: 59). With women bodybuilders this is done through the employment of ‘feminine’ hairstyles, bikinis, make-up, and frou-frou accessories such as hair ribbons. As Coles comments, ‘on such a body a subtle hint of femininity would achieve nothing.