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By Virgil J. Vogel

The aim of this publication, says the writer, is to teach the impact of Indian medicinal practices on white civilization. truly it achieves way more. It discusses Indian theories of disorder and strategies of battling affliction or even is going into the query of which ailments have been indigenous and which have been dropped at the Indian by means of the white guy. It additionally lists Indian medicinal drugs that experience gained attractiveness within the Pharmacopeia of the USA and the nationwide Formulary.The impact of yankee Indian therapeutic arts at the medication and therapeutic and pharmacology of the white guy was once significant. for instance, such medicinal drugs as insulin and penicillin have been expected in rudimentary shape by way of the aborigines. Coca leaves have been used as narcotics by way of Peruvian Indians 1000s of years prior to Carl Koller first used cocaine as a neighborhood anesthetic in 1884. All jointly, approximately a hundred and seventy drugs, quite often botanical, have been contributed to the authentic compendia via Indians north of the Rio Grande, approximately 50 extra coming from natives of the Latin-American and Caribbean regions.Impressions and attitudes of early explorers, settlers, physicians, botanists, and others relating to Indian healing practices are said by means of realms, with British, French, and Spanish colonies and the younger usa individually treated.Indian theories of disease—sorcery, taboo violation, spirit intrusion, soul loss, unfulfilled desires and needs, and so forth -and shamanistic practices used to strive against them are defined. equipment of treating all types of injuries-from fractures to snakebite-and even surgical procedure are incorporated. The effect of Indian therapeutic lore upon people or household medication, in addition to at the "Indian medical professionals" and patent drugs, are mentioned. For the ease of the reader, an index of botanical names is supplied, including a wide selection of illustrations. The disproportionate realization that has been given to the superstitious and unscientific good points of aboriginal drugs has tended to vague its actual contributions to American civilization.

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Page i American Indian Medicine The Civilization of the American Indian Series Page ii Page iii American Indian Medicine by Virgil J. Vogel University of Oklahoma Press Norman Page iv To Louise, Johnny, Carol, and Eugene Disclaimer: This book contains characters with diacritics. gif), netLibrary will represent them as they appear in the original text, and most computers will be able to show the full characters correctly. In order to keep the text searchable and readable on most computers, characters with diacritics that are not part of the ISO 8859-1 list will be represented without their diacritical marks.

24 William W. ), Indian Tribes of Aboriginal America: Selected Papers of XXIXth International Congress of Americanists, II, 108-10. Page 20 stolen by the Jesuit priests; Father Paul Le Jeune's relation of 1656-57 records that among this tribe a "calumny" was instigated by the Devil against the Father who started last Winter from Onnontaghe to come for us; his journey gave rise to the belief, that the great mortality which prevailed in the country was due to his search for souls, a box full of which he wished to take along with him.

5 What is especially lacking is a study of the extent to which American Indian remedies and therapeutic practices have been adopted by white society. A few comments which have been made by some medical historians will serve to illustrate this need. Colonel P. M. " Not even the Aztecs or the Incas, in Ashburn's view, 4 This number includes about four dozen drugs which are native to Latin America. It is difficult to give an exact number for several reasons. Several derivatives and by-products are sometimes listed as separate drugs.

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