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By Yoshio Sugimoto

This revised version has been up-to-date to hide advancements within the 5 years because the first version was once released. Yoshio Sugimoto demanding situations the conventional idea that Japan is an homogeneous society with few cultural and social disparities.

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Extra info for An Introduction to Japanese Society (2nd Edition)

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For example, Takatori 1975. Hamaguchi 1985 and 1988. For a debate on this model, see Mouer and Sugimoto 1987, pp. 12–63. Amanuma 1987. Lee 1984. Befu 1980; Sugimoto and Mouer 1980; Dale 1986; McCormack and Sugimoto 1986; Sugimoto and Mouer 1989; Yoshino 1992. See also Neustupny´ 1980. White and Trevor 1984. Tominaga 1982. De Roy 1979. See Denoon et al. 1996 and Lie 2001 for multicultural and multiethnic perspectives on Japan. This is why some observers called them “Japan’s invisible race” (De Vos and Wagatsuma 1966).

The third theme (chapters 6 and 7) is the way in which Japanese society is stratified on the basis of gender and ethnicity, two ascriptive criteria that are determined at birth and are generally unalterable thereafter. The fourth (chapters 8, 9 and 10) explores the patterns of trade-off and tug-of-war between forces of control and dissent in the Japanese social system. Students of Japanese society must be mindful of the complex patterns of diversity in Japanese society and sensitive to the types of devices used to monitor its functioning.

Proclaimed by Singapore’s ex-Prime Minister Lee Kwan Yu, Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir57 and other political leaders and intellectuals in Southeast Asia, “Asian values” are defined in contradistinction to Western ones, and assert that Asians value groups and collectivities ahead of individuals. 58 It is noteworthy that the advocacy of Asian values arose only once countries in the region had attained a measurable level of development and could compete with the West economically. Cultural nationalism, like Nihonjinron and the notion of Asian values, appear to flourish when a society reaches a significant level of economic 18 An Introduction to Japanese Society maturity and can then defend its national sense of self against other ideologies.

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